No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from Edward Zaborovsky. . The Templars began as a medieval religious-military order dedicated to safeguarding the people of the holy land during the era of the crusades. Domizio CIPRIANI gran prior Magistral. But from that number we should of course deduct those commanderies, which were situated beyond the boarders of the jurisdiction of the French crown, for example Provence and Languedoc. The further destiny of the ex-master of Auvergne remains unknown. As for what a religious mage would do, there isn't really one answer. ." Throughout the trial there was never any physical evidence of wrongdoing, and no independent witnesses; the only "proof" was obtained through confessions induced by torture. In 1306, the Templars had supported a coup on that island, which had forced King Henry II of Cyprus to abdicate his throne in favor of his brother, Amalric of Tyre. We don’t know exactly that kind of kinship existed between all these people, but apparently they were relatives. Excerpted here by kind permission of the author from his article appearing here: http://www.templarhistory.ru/Zaborovsky_twelve_fled_Templars_En/ . The majority of the charges were identical to other people being tortured by the Inquisitors, with one exception: head worship. The History of the Knights Templar, Temple Church and the Temple, by Charles G. Addison, Esq., London, pp. He was however not an ordinary Templar, for his uncle was the Visitor of France Hugues de Pairaud. Novelist Dan Brown has made a pretty penny spinning yarns about the cryptic society, but is any of it even true? What about Squats back when those were a thing. Their rules dictated a Templar must “observe unfailing obedience to the master.” This principle of obedience, important to an army in any era, made the Templars lethal. Or as one Templar researcher put it, "Since they weren't allowed to charge interest, they charged rent instead. You had previously said that the … They show us Gerard de Villiers as a real devil, whose evil essence can be hardly described. the templars got rich fighting for god—then lost it all. Their advocates claim they are saviors, holy warriors, protectors of the innocent, and champions of all that is good. A Templar with that name did really exist and is said to be  in Cyprus in 1304[22]. Prince Henry the Navigator led the Portuguese order for 20 years until the time of his death. . But after the Siege of Acre in 1291, the Templars were forced to relocate their headquarters to the island of Cyprus. I suppose, these facts show once again that the myth of the hidden treasure of the Temple has no real background. While most historians agree that the Knights Templar fully disbanded 700 years ago, there are some people who believe the order went underground and remains in existence in some … [citation needed], In England the Crown was also deeply in debt to the Templars, and probably on that basis, the Templars were also persecuted in England, their lands forfeited and taken by others, (the last private owner being the favorite of Edward II, Hugh le Despenser). The Templars had assembled a range of buildings in Strood by 1185, which included a timber hall, barns, kitchens and stables. He often committed the receptions into the Order in the chapel of that commandery; the last ceremony was held precisely before the trial in 1307. vatican not cleared of blame for attacks on the knights. The third was telling the neophyte (novice) that unnatural lust was lawful and indulged in commonly. Under torture, some Templars admitted to sodomy and to the worship of heads and an idol known as Baphomet. The only thing we can assume is that according to their names they probably belonged to some noble families from Burgundy. To the north was the County of Tripoli. The historians know also the name of Pierre de Villiers, who held the high post of Templar commander in Aquitaine in 1292-1300. As it was often stated, the accusations against Templars reversed the different blasphemy actions during the receptions, such as spitting on the cross. . Gauzignan was also among those, whose flight didn’t end successfully – he was captured, for we have his depositions in the trial’s records, where he admits the existence of some impious rituals in the Temple, though he states that he did all he could not to be involved[18]. Jean de Chalon, who collaborated with the investigators, could approve or tell whatever they wanted. Once Saladin and his army had moved on, the Templars were able to join King Baldwin's forces, and together they proceeded north along the coast. In the trial’s records of 1308-1312 in Aragon we find a Knight Templar Jacobus de Conflent[20] who can probably be the same person with Conflent from the list, and thus, regarding that the Templars of Aragon weren’t punished too hard, his escape was quite lucky. [14], The incontrovertibility of the evidence that the Templar priests did not mutilate the words of consecration in the mass is furnished in the Cypriote proceedings by ecclesiastics who had long dwelt with them in the East.[25]. And how trustworthy were the rumors about 1500-2000 Templars, hiding in the nearby of city of Lyon, the rumors, which were so popular in 1311, just before the Vienne Council[35]? Commanderie (preceptory) Villemoison – present days. It is a fact that he had invited Jacques de Molay to be a pall-bearer at the funeral of the King's sister on the very day before the arrests.[18]. On July 4, 1187, came the disastrous Battle of the Horns of Hattin, a turning point in the Crusades. In addition, the high mortality rates of the knights in the East (regularly ninety percent in battle, not including wounded) resulted in extremely high campaign costs due to the need to recruit and train more knights. In the same bull, he urged those who had pleaded guilty be treated "according to the rigours of justice. "[citation needed], In the end, the only three accused of heresy directly by the papal commission were Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar, and his two immediate subordinates; they were to renounce their heresy publicly, when de Molay regained his courage and proclaimed the order's and his innocence along with Geoffrey de Charney. Did the Knights Templar continue to exist in any form after 1312? Sign me up! The Knights Templar initially arrived in the Holy Land on a mission to reclaim some treasure that they believed was rightfully theirs. A futile attempt against Alexandria in 1300 and an unsuccessful effort to form a new settlement at Tortosa about the same time (1300–2) are the closing acts of their long career in the western parts of Asia. However, they seem to be a real slander, for, as Alain Demurger quite wisely remarks, a traitor had to be punished, and it hasn’t happened to de Villiers[29]. Pilgrims would visit a Templar house in their home country, depositing their deeds and valuables. Ordre des Templiers de Jerusalem, Principauté de Monaco, open templar forum free, www.knighttemplar.net [28] Some argue it referred to rituals involving the alleged relics of John the Baptist,[29] Euphemia,[30] one of Ursula's eleven maidens,[31] and/or Hugues de Payens[32] rather than pagan idols. Interrogatus, quomodo potuit tandiu istud factum teneri secretum, respondit, quod nullus pro aliqua re erat ausus revelare, nisi papa et rex aperuissent viam, quia, si sciretur in ordine, quod aliquis loqueretur, statim fuisset mortuus[32]. He was unsuccessful, though the call did survive the riot. He is often given the second rank in the hierarchy of French Templars, but regarding the fact that the Visitor Hugues de Pairaud was already in his declining years, Gerard de Villiers played perhaps even the main role. (Genesis 7:20) Only about waist high to any respectable "Giant," in my view. Why did Gerard de Villiers need 50 horses? What seems to be more interesting is what he says about Villiers. [16] Most monarchs simply didn't believe the charges, though proceedings were started in British Isles, Iberia, Kingdom of Germany, Italian Peninsula, and Kingdom of Cyprus,[17] with the likelihood of a confession being dependent on whether or not torture was used to extract it. The Knights Templar initially arrived in the Holy Land on a mission to reclaim some treasure that they believed was rightfully theirs. Nicholson's argument, however, is an assessment of the fleet in 1312 - according to the LaRochelle Theory, many ships would already have disappeared bound for many of the aforementioned destinations and stands to reason their fleet would seem depleted in the following years after the arrest of the Templars. The matter is that despite the common opinion de Pairaud was still alive even 15 years after the arrest. The mounted men-at-arms represented the most common class, and they were called "brothers". He joined the Order twice, for after his first reception he left the Temple for an unknown reason and joined the Carthusians, but later on came back[19]. A saint for your lottery numbers; Knight Templar ancestors - how to find them? The following profiles of the twelve known French Templar escapees was compiled by the brilliant Edward Zaborovsky of Latvia and we thank him for his permission to use his work. This group was believed to have contributed to the first naval discoveries of the Portuguese. But perhaps they had one more purpose. However, the Pope’s verdict could not stop the king. And did the Founding Fathers acknowledge their deep debt to the Templars by embracing their descendants – the Freemasons? It must be stressed, that the flight of Gerard de Villiers is mentioned only in these weird documents, but is not certain. But Humbert Blanc was not the only one from the list of twelve who was captured. By the way, Hugo was not the only one relative of de Pairaud in the Temple, we know also about Pierre de Modies and Falco de Milli. Eighty Templar knights and their own entourage attempted to reinforce. There's only the answer that fits your character better. [citation needed], Despite the poor defense of the Order, when the papal commission ended its proceedings on June 5, 1311, it found no evidence that the Order itself held heretical doctrines, or used a "secret rule" apart from the Latin and French rules. But Philippe was still not content with eliminating the Templars' presence in France. Nevertheless, some new depositions, made by the French Templars in Clermont, reached England later. The famous Muslim military leader Saladin was attempting to push toward Jerusalem from the south, with a force of 26,000 soldiers. Investigating the Priory … Besides, from the trial’s records we know of a Templar priest Guillaume de Villiers, who refused to defend the Order in front of the papal commission referring to his poverty and old age, and Bernard de Villiers, preceptor of the commandery in Sent-Paul-la-Roche, who testified against the Temple in 1309 and 1311. He also said, that the leaders of the Order, expecting the trouble, have fled, and he himself met the brother Gerard de Villiers, who had 50 horses with him, and heard people talking that [he] put to sea with 18 galleys, and the brother Hugues de Chalon fled with the whole treasury of the brother Hugues de Pairaud. Some attribute the origins to the Code of Hammurabi, one of the worlds oldest legal documents, which may or may not have superstitiously omitted a 13th rule from its list. Later, in January 1311 he made some extended testimonies. We know the Templars existed, but how exactly they came to be is up for debate. Yeah, whoops! Papal absolution to the last Templar, Master Jacques de Molay, Journal of Medieval   History, 30,2, April 2004, pp. In 1244, at the battle of La Forbie, where only thirty-three of 300 knights survived, it is estimated the financial loss was equivalent to one-ninth of the entire Capetian yearly revenue. He was an old knight, who was in the Order for about forty years. Further, the Grand Master of the Templars was involved in this battle, Gerard de Ridefort, who had just achieved that lifetime position a few years earlier. On October 16, 1311, at the General Council of Vienne held in Dauphiné, the council voted for the maintenance of the Order. When a candidate was sworn into the order, they made the knight a monk. Barbor, Malcolm. Knights Templars did not surrender unless they were outnumbered three to one and believed that since they were fighting for God they would be immediately sent up to heaven upon falling in battle. Templar Survival in Portugal Besides other possible ways of Templar survival, there is certainty of their continuance in Portugal. Or, perhaps more significantly, if anything did survive, it would be worth the effort to notice. Templars The Rise Fall Survival Of The Knights Templar amazon ca templars books. However, this army no longer had a presence in the Holy Land, leaving it with no battlefield. The accusations against him were among others that he reduced the alms for the poor and later on suggested to cancel them at all; he also shamefully practiced the reception into the Order in exchange for money. Barber gathers this from official sources but his research has discovered about 12 more French Templar survivors [6] [36]. Templar, member of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, a religious military order of knighthood established at the time of the Crusades that became a model and inspiration for other military orders. In this he was abetted by the military orders, whose great castles stood like islands of Frankish power amid the Muslim torrent. The Villiers family was one of the noblest and not only in the Temple Order, Jean de Villiers was for example the Grand Master of the Hospital, who heroically fought while defending Acre in 1291. [33], The accusation of venerating Baphomet is more problematic. Their success attracted the concern of many other orders, with the two most powerful rivals being the Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights. They always wore gloves, unless they were giving Holy Communion. The presence of the Provence Templars in the list arouses a special interest, for this region was at that time under the reign und jurisdiction of Charles II of Anjou, count of Provence, and the arrest were made there later. The Templars would then give them a letter which would describe their holdings. Final attempts to regain the Holy Land (1298–1300). Their success attracted the concern of many other orders, with the two most powerful rivals being the Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights. [26] Their leaders later denied these admissions, and for that were executed. [36] Mechner, Jordan. . Officially the idea of lending money in return for interest was forbidden by the church, but the Order sidestepped this with clever loopholes, such as a stipulation that the Templars retained the rights to the production of mortgaged property. Answer. Unfortunately the records give us no hints who he actually was, so we don’t know either why his name is present in the list[13]. Most were not so brutal as the French. Direct lines of successive generations of initiatory cultural and chivalric Templars survived into the modern era, preserving and continuing the original Templar missions. Even with the absorption of Templars into other Orders, there are still questions as to what became of all of the tens of thousands of Templars across Europe. Interesting, that according to Raul the whole thing took place in the very annual chamber of French Templars in Paris. No, the Templars are not evil. Turning the Templar Key is an exhilarating romp through the history of Freemasonry in search of the - Origins of the Masonic Knights Templar. According to the foremost Templar Historian, Malcolm Barber (from his book, “The Trial of the Templars”) There were 12 officially named French Templar Survivors led by the Preceptor of France, Gerard de Villiers. The first was the renouncement and spitting on the cross during initiation into the Order. Could the planned murder of Gerard de Villiers by the time the trial began be a good reason for the royal authorities to declare him one of those who fled? The stone building, which has survived to the present day, was added around 1240. Did any kamikaze pilots survive - Die qualitativsten Did any kamikaze pilots survive verglichen! The second was the stripping of the man to be initiated and the thrice kissing of that man by the preceptor on the navel, posteriors and the mouth. Wearing green robes, they conducted religious services, led prayers, and were assigned record keeping and letter writing. Of course, regarding the weight of the defeat the French suffered, the legend describes how angry and furious Philip the Fair was. Various nobles also had concerns about the Templars as well, both for financial reasons, and nervousness about an independent army that was able to move freely through all borders. There was the Kingdom of Jerusalem, though its capital was at Acre, which the Templars made their new headquarters. Well, going into the finale, I wasn't sure you'd survive based on where we left the Templars in episode seven. In response to this public pressure, along with more bullying from King Philip, Pope Clement issued the bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae, which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Now we’ll take a look on the three remaining Templars, whose role in the trial is much more mysterious. 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